© Gemma Taylor for Frontline AIDS

We are on the frontline of HIV support in India, working with local communities to keep momentum going behind the country’s downward trend in infections.

Although the estimated rate of new HIV infections in India has halved in the past decade, India has the third largest HIV epidemic in the world, with 2.1 million people living with HIV.

India’s epidemic is concentrated among marginalised communities, including men who have sex with men (MSM), transgender people, people who use drugs and sex workers. Efforts to change this have been hampered by legislation that negatively affects transgender people and has effectively recriminalised homosexuality.

Our partners, since 1998, have been on the frontline in innovating and preventing new HIV infections and reducing the numbers of people dying from AIDS-related illnesses. Covering 98% of the districts of this vast and strategic country, our work covers a broad range of activities to help these marginalised groups get access to the HIV services and support that they need.


  • 2.1 million people in India are living with HIV.
  • 3.1% of transgender people are living with HIV.
  • 2.7% of MSM are living with HIV.


India HIV/AIDS Alliance

India HIV/AIDS Alliance is one of our largest partners and we have worked together since 2001. We carry out vital work with marginalised communities to foster wellbeing, realise equality, and affirm the dignity of communities most affected by HIV and AIDS in India.

In India, they lead a national programme to help more than 200 community-based organisations develop their skills to deliver HIV prevention information and support for MSM, transgender people and hijras in 17 states across India.

They also run a national programme to establish and manage 350 care and support centres in 31 states and territories, helping to improve the quality of life of people living with HIV. And they deliver programmes that provide harm reduction, HIV and health services for people who use drugs and their partners.

They also support communities to run campaigns to influence legal processes to ensure rights, protection and dignity for marginalised communities.

The Humsafar Trust

We work with The Humsafar Trust to support MSM and transgender communities in Mumbai, providing them with effective HIV prevention and health services.

As well as running their own programmes, the trust offers financial and technical support to other community-based organisations, helping them to provide effective HIV services.

The Humsafar Trust was also an integral part of a broader programme – led by another of our partners – to help more than 200 community-based organisations develop their skills in support of MSM, transgender people and hijras in 17 states across India.

LEPRA Society

Our work with LEPRA Society in south-east India delivers prevention activities aimed at marginalised communities, including sex workers, MSM and people who use drugs.

LEPRA focuses its efforts on tackling the discrimination that many key groups face in India, drawing on their years of working with those affected by leprosy – another highly-stigmatised condition.

In 2017, LEPRA’s advocacy work brought it into consultation with a number of government agencies, in order to discuss the rising availability of social protection programmes among eligible people living with HIV.

MAMTA Health Institute for Mother and Child (MAMTA)

We work with MAMTA, helping them support women, children and adolescents who are living with, or affected by, HIV.

As well as providing community-based care and support for families, MAMTA is part of a national programme that aims to improve access to prevention of parent-to-child HIV transmission. Its work has reached pregnant women in 38 districts across the state of Uttar Pradesh.

In addition, MAMTA helps young women and adolescent girls in rural areas better protect themselves from HIV and provide activities to reduce HIV and STI infections among MSM and female sex workers. Their work on sexual and reproductive health and HIV also addresses child marriage.

Vasavya Mahila Mandali (VMM)

Our work with VMM helps women, children and young people living with, or affected by, HIV in Andhra Pradesh.

VMM also supports other community organisations in the Telangana region, providing them with financial and technical support.

In 2017, they launched an innovative community-based rapid HIV testing project designed to reach local people with confidential testing and counselling services.


In 2017, The Humsafar Trust reached:

  • 7,500 people from key affected populations with HIV prevention programmes.

LEPRA Society reached:

  • 5,467 people with activities to reduce HIV stigma and discrimination.
  • More than 4,600 people with HIV treatment, care and services and 25,089 people with integrated HIV/sexual and reproductive health and rights services.

MAMTA reached:

  • 1,159,749 people with integrated HIV and SRH services.

VMM reached:

  • 101,619 people with integrated HIV and SRH services and more than 81,000 people with HIV prevention activities.

India HIV/AIDS Alliance reached:

  • 1.2 million adults, adolescents and children with HIV treatment and care, and more than 97,800 people from marginalised groups with HIV prevention activities.

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